Roughly 1.5 million people are diagnosed with Diabetes each year. Diabetes is a disease that is affected by how your body processes blood sugar (aka glucose). Diabetes occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin. Insulin is used to assist in guiding glucose to the cells, which gives the body energy. Generally, if you have diabetes, it means that your blood carries too much glucose because it has not been properly deposited into your cells. Proper distribution of glucose throughout the body is important for organ functionality.

There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 Diabetes, formally known as “juvenile diabetes,” is usually diagnosed in children and adolescents. In this type of diabetes, there is a deficiency of insulin production. Type 1 Diabetes happens because the body’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, mistaking them as harmful bacteria or viruses.

Type 2 Diabetes, the most common type, occurs when the pancreas produces enough insulin, but is not used properly and is resisted by the body. This type of Diabetes is common among the overweight population and those with a family history of it. The risk is increased in those over the age of 45. The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes may be like those of Type 1, and may develop slowly. Type 2 Diabetes may be diagnosed several years after the onset, once complications have developed. It is important to take care of yourself when you acknowledge the issue.

Symptoms to watch out for:

  • Frequent Urination
  • Excessive Thirst
  • Unexplained quick weight loss
  • Blurred Vision
  • Tingling in the hands and feet

Treatment:

  • Take medications (i.e. taking insulin)
  • Implement healthy diet
  • Regular Exercise

The Jane Pauley Community Health Center can assist you with your diabetic needs. Please call 1-844-MY-JPCHC today to make an appointment with a provider at any of our 12 medical offices to discuss your questions and concerns about diabetes.